When the veins are incapable to carry blood from the legs to the heart, a condition called chronic venous stasis, or chronic venous insufficiency, occurs. The blood tends to stay in the veins and does not travel back to the heart, like it should when the veins are in poor condition. Impaired valves in the veins or a previous embolus may cause venous insufficiency.
How does one acquire this condition?
One is at risk for venous insufficiency at an older age. Other predisposing factors may include:
- Family health history
- Gender – Females are more inclined to suffering from this condition than males due difference in progesterone levels.
- Weight – Obese patients are more prone to having venous insufficiency.
- Height – Being tall is not always a good thing as it is also a risk factor.
- Lifestyle – Long periods of sitting and standing still makes one a potential candidate to acquire the condition.
- Other conditions – The occurrence of venous outflow obstruction, although not as known as the others mentioned above, is one of the huge contributors to venous insufficiency.
What are the signs and symptoms of Venous Insufficiency?
The common symptoms of venous insufficiency are as follows:
- Cramping, dulling, and heaviness of the legs are usual.
- The pain in the leg worsens when standing, but it gets better when raised.
- There is an itching and tingling sensation.
- The skin around the ankle reddens or changes color.
- The skin on the legs and ankles hardens and thickens, a condition called lipodermatosclerosis.
- Varicose veins appear on the surface.
- Wounds on the legs and ankles heal slowly.
How does one manage the condition?
There are activities that can prevent the condition from worsening, like a proper diet (especially to lose weight), exercises that involve leg movement to promote blood flow, compression stockings to prevent further swelling, and attention to wounds and simple scratches to avoid infection.
Though these activities are not an alternative to what the doctor has to say, it can still go a long way. Consult worse cases with your doctor for further examination.