The veins serve as a passageway of blood from the different organs of the body to the heart. These blood vessels ensure the proper elimination of gases and waste materials that are no longer needed by the cells. As veins constantly work to maintain the condition of the body, they may become susceptible to damage and injury. Alteration of blood flow, decreased blood clotting, or inherited blood disorders may lead to the formation of venous obstruction, which has detrimental effects on a person’s body.
However, several innovative techniques are now used by medical practitioners to treat venous obstruction. These procedures have substantially decreased the incidence of morbidity and mortality due to venous obstructions.
Sclerotherapy for Venous Insufficiency
Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive technique to treat venous insufficiency. This procedure, which involves injection of a solution into the vein, is preferred by patients because it often lasts less than 10 minutes. Upon injection, reflux of blood is controlled to prevent vein collapse.
Saphenous Vein Ablation for Venous Insufficiency
A blood vessel known as the saphenous vein provides blood supply in the leg. Since saphenous veins are present in the lower leg, they are constantly exposed to pressure. Hence, these vessels are prone to thrombosis, or blockage of a vessel. Ligation of the saphenous vein provides pressure relief and prevents recurrence of the condition.
The Use of Stent for Persistent Venous Obstruction
During the initial stages of vessel blockage, patients are strongly encouraged to undergo conservative measures such as the use of support hose and frequent limb elevation. However, these methods are ineffective when the condition progresses. A more stable treatment procedure for venous occlusion is the use of stents. A small tube is placed in narrow blood vessels to support the inner layers and increase the flow of blood. According to experts from Veniti.com, the stent is designed to provide high crush resistance, end-to-end strength and shape with flexibility.
Sometimes, conservative measures such as chronic leg elevation and medications are ineffective in treating venous obstruction. Thus, it is important to undergo medical procedures to prevent possible health risks in the future.