The Many Facets of Dementia

Nurse guiding an old womanThe World Health Organization (WHO) identified dementia as one of the main causes of elderly disability and dependency. In the U.S. alone, an estimated 5.5 million are living with Alzheimer’s disease, and it is expected to reach up to 16 million by the year 2050. Although Alzheimer’s has been determined to affect 60-70 percent of patients, there are other types of dementia that are also irreversible or progressive.

Family members with progressive dementia could no longer identify their relatives, may become unaware of where they are, and find it difficult to walk. If you find it challenging to take care of a relative with dementia, there are hospice care services in Indiana that can provide all the care your relative needs.

Other types of dementia that are irreversible:

1. Dementia could be classified as vascular if the vessels that supply blood to the brain has been damaged or as a result of a stroke. It is the most common dementia type next to Alzheimer’s disease.

2. Lewy body dementia is a common progressive disease where protein abnormally builds up in the brain of a patient who has been diagnosed with Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease.

3. The dementia is considered “frontotemporal” when the nerve cells in the temporal lobes and frontal brain continue to degenerate. This is a group of disease that affects the patient’s behavior, language and personality.

4. In some cases, the dementia is considered “mixed” if the patient has suffered any combination of irreversible types of dementia. It usually affects patients who are 80 years old and above.

It is time for an elderly loved one see a doctor if two of their core mental functions have been greatly impaired. Dementia has different types, and these could be present in a patient. It could be a great challenge to take care of a relative with dementia, but there are options available for them to get proper care.